Ethiopia achieved its Millennium Development Goal target of 57 percent access to safe drinking water, halving the number of people without access to safe water since 1990. Yet access to improved sanitation remains stubbornly low at only 28 percent nationwide up from three percent in 1990. Despite these strides, safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) coverage remains insufficient. Inadequate access to safe water and sanitation services and poor hygiene practices negatively impact health and nutrition; diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of under-five mortality in Ethiopia.
According to the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2016, overall, 20% of households in Ethiopia have water on their premises, 77% in urban areas versus only 6% in rural areas. Forty-five percent of households spend 30 minutes or longer to obtain their drinking water, 53% in rural areas, as compared with only 13% in urban households. More than 9 in 10 households (91%) do not treat their drinking water; this is more common in rural than in urban areas (92% versus 88%). Six percent of households in Ethiopia use an improved and not shared toilet or latrine facility. Another 9% of households (35% in urban areas and 2% in rural areas) use facilities that would be considered improved if they were not shared by two or more households. Half of households in urban areas (50%) use an unimproved toilet facility, compared with more than 9 in 10 (94%) of households in rural areas.
Based on revised data from the National Water Sanitation and Health Inventory, national potable water supply coverage increased from 58 per cent to 68.4 per cent between 2009/10 and 2012/13, reflecting an increase in both rural and urban coverage.
In GTPII period, the national water supply coverage, based on the GTP-I achievement (58%) is planned to increase to 85% to meet demand. Regarding water supply & sanitations, capacity development as well as coordination efforts will be undertaken with all executive agencies and relevant stakeholders. Effort will be made to ensure dependable and sustainable water supply based on demand, supply and efficiency mention measures will be taken to take care of the existing water schemes and ensure economic use of water. WASH committees will be encouraged to maintain and rehabilitate water supply schemes. Awareness trainings on national water resources’ frameworks will be provided to planners & policy makers including administers. Awareness raising activities will be conducted so as to secure the active participation of relevant stakeholders in the irrigation development. Measures will be taken to facilitate condition for medium and large scale irrigation development (GTPII).
MCMDO works to increase access to water, to improve sanitation and hygiene services and raise awareness on waste management. Since its inception, MCMDO has implemented 16 projects related to sanitation and hygiene and rural water supply in different parts of the country. The major sub components of the program
Under this thematic component, MCMDO had successfully implemented 15 different projects.